A septoplasty may be required where there is a nasal blockage due to a deviated septum. The blockage can also cause breathing difficulties, chronic sinus infections, stagnating mucus, inflammation and irritation.
A deviated septum can be congenital (inherited) or caused by external factors such as injury or haematoma.
The symptoms of a deviated septum can sometimes be controlled with medications (e.g. decongestants, antihistamines or steroid nasal sprays) but these do not address the underlying cause of the condition.
Deviated septum symptoms include:
- difficulty in breathing
- facial pain
- recurring sinus infections
- noisy breathing or snoring during sleep
A deviated septum would be identified in the first instance by your doctor. You may be referred to a specialist for further treatment.
Your doctor may examine your nose following discussion of your symptoms. A bright light and sometimes an instrument (nasal speculum) designed to spread open your nostrils will be used to provide closer examination. A long tube-shaped scope with a bright light at the tip may also be used to check farther back in your nose.
Based on this exam, he or she can diagnose a deviated septum and determine the seriousness of your condition.