Rhinitis treatment aims to relieve symptoms such as a runny or blocked nose and sneezing, and to diagnose and treat the causes of the condition.
Sometimes treatment may not be necessary; for example when non-allergenic rhinitis is caused by a viral infection, because it will normally clear up on its own within a week or two.
Treatment for allergic rhinitis will depend on the severity of the symptoms and how much your everyday activities and sleep are affected.
Treatment depends on the type of rhinitis you have.
For non-allergic rhinitis, several different types of nasal spray may help relieve your symptoms, including:
- antihistamine (to reduce inflammation and relieve congestion/runny nose)
- corticosteroid (to reduce inflammation and relieve congestion/runny nose)
- anticholinergic (to reduce mucus production in your nose)
- decongestant (to reducing swelling of the blood vessels in your nose)
For severe allergenic rhinitis, treatment of the symptoms may include any of the above nasal sprays as well as avoiding the allergen that is causing the condition. Diagnostic tests may be required to determine exactly what allergen is triggering the problem. In some cases, immunotherapy may be used to make your body less sensitive to the allergen.
Once the cause has been correctly identified, most cases of rhinitis can be successfully treated or managed in the long-term.
Identifying specific allergens can sometimes be difficult, requiring tests to be repeated.