Achilles tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis refers to swelling and pain in the large tendon at the back of the ankle. It is a relatively common condition.

Acid reflux

Acid reflux (gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD)), also known as heartburn, is a relatively common condition, where stomach acid leaks into the oesophagus (gullet) and causes a burning sensation.

Acne

​Acne is a skin condition that commonly affects young people, but sufferers can be any age.

Anaemia

Anaemia is when the number of red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood is below the normal level or you have less haemoglobin than normal in each red blood cell. Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common type of anaemia, but there a number of different types, each of which has a different cause.

Anal fissure

An anal fissure is a break, tear or open sore in the lining of the anal canal.

Anal fistula

An anal fistula is a small abnormality in the anal region.

Anal Lesion

An anal lesion could refer to haemorrhoids (piles) or an anal fistula (a small abnormality in the anal region).

Anal warts

Anal warts (condylomata acuminata) are growths found on the skin around the anus (rectal opening) or in the lower rectum.

Balanitis (inflammation of the penis)

Balanitis is inflammation of the head of the penis and often the foreskin. It is a common, non-serious condition which can usually be prevented with good hygiene.

Bowel polyps (Colon polyps)

Bowel polyps are small growths on the inner lining of the colon (large bowel) or rectum.

Bunions (hallux rigidus)

A bunion is a bony hump at the base of the big toe. Hallux rigidus refers to a stiff big toe caused by degenerative arthritis or a bone spur that affects the joint at the base of the big toe.

Bunions (Hallux valgus)

​A bunion is a bony hump at the base of the big toe.

Bursitis

Elbows and knees are the joints most commonly affected by bursitis, which is usually caused by repetitive movement, pressure on the joint or traumatic injury. Bursitis in the knee is often called ‘housemaid’s knee’.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a relatively common condition that can cause tingling, numbness and pain in the hand and fingers. It is caused by a trapped nerve in the wrist.

Cataracts

​A cataract is a very common condition which causes cloudiness in the lens of your eye which reduces your ability to see. Cataracts get worse over time and with age, so your vision progressively deteriorates. Cataracts can be successfully treated with surgery, which replaces your cloudy lens with a clear new artificial one.

Chronic middle ear disease

Chronic middle ear disease refers to a condition of the middle part of the ear that doesn’t go away or that keeps coming back. It can result in permanent damage to the ear, and often involves a perforated eardrum.

Contact dermatitis

​Dermatitis is inflammation of the skin. There are a number of different types of dermatitis, each with their own symptoms and causes. If dermatitis is not treated, the condition can lead to bacterial or fungal infections of the skin. Specialist diagnosis and treatment of dermatitis is highly recommended.

Deviated septum (Septoplasty)

A deviated septum is a relatively common abnormality of the nose where the cartilage separating the nostrils is displaced, causing a blockage.

Deviated septum (Septorhinoplasty)

A deviated septum is a relatively common abnormality of the nose where the cartilage separating the nostrils is displaced, causing a blockage. 

Dupuytren's contracture

Dupuytren's contracture (Dupuytren's disease) occurs when connective tissue in the hand becomes shortened, preventing you from fully extending your finger. The condition is normally accompanied by a local thickening of the skin in the palm of the hand.

Dysphagia

Dysphagia is the medical term for difficulty with swallowing. Some patients cannot swallow certain foods or liquids; others may not be able to swallow at all.

Eczema

​Eczema causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. There are a number of different forms of eczema, with different symptoms and causes; atopic eczema is the most common form.

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD)

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) is where the Eustachian tube becomes blocked or doesn’t open properly. It can remain open when it should be closed. This affects pressure within your ear, often causing pain, a loss of hearing and impaired balance.

Eyelid conditions

There are a number of eyelid conditions that we can successfully treat, medically or cosmetically, including; ectropion (eyelids drooping down), entropion (eyelids turning in) and cysts in the eye area. Treatments include blepharoplasty (sometimes called ‘eyelid lift’), insertion of punctum plugs and lacrimal sac washout.

Frozen shoulder

A frozen shoulder (sometimes called adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder or ‘subacromial impingement’) can be very painful and can significantly reduce movement of the shoulder.

Ganglion cyst

A ganglion cyst is a fluid filled swelling which develops near to a joint or a tendon. The cyst usually feels like a smooth lump just under the skin and can range in size from a pea to a golf ball.

Haemorrhoids

Haemorrhoids - commonly known as piles - are swollen blood vessels (veins) which develop inside and/or outside the anus. If they become infected, they can cause pain and discomfort and may need treatment.

Hammer toe/mallet toe/claw toe

​A hammer toe is a relatively common and often painful condition affecting the three middle toes, making them appear permanently bent at the joint.

Heartburn

Heartburn is a burning sensation in your chest caused by acid in your stomach leaking back into your oesophagus (gullet). It is not related to your heart.

Hernia

A hernia occurs where one part of the body, such as an organ, pushes through a weak area of muscle or surrounding wall tissue. An inguinal hernia (groin hernia) occurs when fatty tissue, or part of the bowel, pushes through the abdominal wall into the groin. The area the hernia moves into is called the inguinal canal.

Herniated disc

A herniated disc (slipped disc) occurs when the circle of connective tissue surrounding the disc breaks down. This allows the soft, gel-like part of the disc to swell and protrude out.

Impingement of ankle

​Ankle impingement is a painful condition that prevents full movement of the ankle; it occurs when the soft tissues around the ankle become pinched.

Inflammation of the middle ear

Inflammation of the middle ear may be caused by a number of conditions. The inflammation normally leads to fluid collection (effusion) and hearing loss. The condition is described as chronic when it lasts more than three months and doesn’t respond to treatment by drugs.

Ingrowing toenail

An ingrowing toenail is a relatively common condition where the toenail grows into its surrounding skin tissue.

Inguinal hernia (or groin hernia)

Inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia. This occurs when part of your bowel squeezes through your lower abdomen into the groin.

Ménière's disease

Ménière’s disease is a long-term, progressive condition affecting the balance and hearing parts of the inner ear. The condition is rare and its cause is unknown.

Meniscus tear of the knee

A torn meniscus is a relatively common condition which may require surgery. The meniscus is the ‘shock absorbing’ cartilage in the knee joint between the bones, and damage or tears to the meniscus can occur as the result of an injury.

Moles

Moles are skin blemishes of various size and colour.

Morton's neuroma

​Morton's neuroma affects the area between the ball of the foot and the base of the toes, causing discomfort and pain.

Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are growths of abnormal tissue in the nasal lining. Nasal polyps are usually benign (non-cancerous) and may not cause any symptoms. Nasal polyps may cause your nose to feel blocked and they can reduce your sense of smell.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative bone condition that can affect any joint in the body, but the most common areas affected are the knees, hips and small joints in the hands. Often the symptoms appear in one joint or a few joints at any one time.

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs which can develop either inside or on the surface of the ovaries.
There are a number of different types of ovarian cyst, most of which are non-cancerous, and many of which clear up on their own without treatment.

Perforated Eardrum

A perforated eardrum is a hole or tear in the eardrum (tympanic membrane) caused by injury or infection.

Pilonidal sinus

A pilonidal sinus is an infected tract (commonly containing hair) under the skin between the buttocks.

Prostate problems

The prostate gland is located just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra, the tube which carries urine from the bladder and out through the penis. In some men, an enlarged prostate gland squeezes the urethra so the stream of urine is slowed down.

Recurrent nose bleeds (epistaxis)

Nosebleeds (epistaxis) are fairly common and usually mild and easily treated. However, when suffering from recurrent, frequent or severe nosebleeds it may be necessary to seek your doctor’s advice or look for specialist Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) treatment.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in joints. The main symptoms are warm, swollen and painful joints. It can cause problems in any joint in the body, although generally the small joints in the hands and feet are often the first to be affected.

Rhinitis

Rhinitis is inflammation in the inside of your nose which causes congestion and the production of mucus. This can be of allergic and non-allergic origin.

Rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty may be recommended for medical reasons (if your nose is blocked, for example, or after an injury to your nose) or requested for cosmetic reasons (if you don’t like the shape or size of our nose for example).

Secondary cataracts

Cataracts can be successfully treated with surgery, which replaces your cloudy lens with a clear new artificial one. In a small number of cases, part of the capsule left within the eye to support the new lens after the operation, can itself become cloudy. This is called a secondary cataract, which may require laser treatment.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis (or rhinosinusitis) is a common condition in which the linings of the sinuses (the cavities behind your nose, cheekbones and forehead) become inflamed.

Sleep apnoea or obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)

Sleep apnoea is a condition that interrupts your breathing when you sleep, disturbing your sleep and leaving you tired. The most common type of sleep apnoea is obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome, which is caused by blocked airways.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome

​Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a relatively uncommon condition that causes severe pain and numbness in the ankle, foot and toes.

Tight foreskin (phimosis)

Phimosis is a tight foreskin which can’t be fully pulled back over the head of the penis (glans).

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, located at the back of the throat. Tonsillitis is usually caused by a viral infection or, sometimes, a bacterial infection.

Trigger finger

Trigger finger causes a finger to catch or lock in position when it is moved. It can be a nuisance, hindering everyday activities, and it can be painful. In the thumb the condition is known as trigger thumb.

Vaginal /pelvic prolapse

Vaginal or pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the uterus, cervix, the bowel (large or small) or the bladder bulges into the wall of the vagina.

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are bulging and enlarged veins which most often appear on the legs. They're usually a dark blue colour, and can appear twisted too.