The symptoms of Ménière’s disease include:
- Acute attacks of vertigo (ringing in your ears, dizziness and a sensation of spinning) which may cause nausea and vomiting
- Fluctuating tinnitus (hearing sounds in your ear such as buzzing or humming)
- Increasing deafness (particularly of deep or low sounds)
- A feeling of fullness deep within the ear
The severity and frequency of symptoms varies between patients and can fluctuate over time. An attack can last two to three hours but can take as long as one or two days to disappear completely. It can be unpredictable and distressing as the time between onsets can last from a few days to several years.
As the disease progresses, vertigo generally becomes less severe, but the tinnitus becomes more prominent and the loss of hearing may worsen. Later still there may be permanent damage to the balance organ in the ear which can lead to significant balance problems, especially in the dark.
You should see your GP if you have symptoms that affect your quality of life.