The most common symptoms are pain and stiffness in the shoulder.
The treatment offered will depend on how severe a patient’s frozen shoulder is .
Painkillers might be used in the first instance or corticosteroid injections and physiotherapy are also options. Surgery may be recommended if symptoms have not improved after three to six months. The patient would be treated by an orthopaedic surgeon, a specialist in conditions which affect the bones and the joints.
The surgeon might consider manipulation, whereby a patient would have their shoulder manipulated, or moved, while under general anaesthetic. Afterwards the patient would usually need physiotherapy to help maintain the mobility of the shoulder.
Alternatively the surgeon might consider arthroscopic capsular release which is a type of keyhole or non-invasive surgery. The surgeon would make several small incisions and then use a probe to open up the patient’s contracted shoulder capsule. They would then remove any bands of scar tissue which might have formed in the shoulder capsule which should improve symptoms. Physiotherapy would be needed afterwards to help the patient regain a full range of movement in the shoulder joint.